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Sunday, December 15th 2013, 10:37pm

Deutsches Heer – Training Establishments

Repository for information pertaining to the subject.


Sunday, December 15th 2013, 10:39pm

Militärakademie Groß-Lichterfelde

The victorious Allies required the dissolution of the venerable Preußische Kriegsakademie, and other schools of officer instruction at the close of the Great War. With the limited forces at Germany’s disposal at the time, and the great number of officers available there was little need for the plethora of training academies that had supported the Imperial Army. However, by 1923 the need for training a new generation of officers was recognised, and late that year a new school was opened, occupying the facilities once used by the Königlich Preußische Hauptkadettenanstalt.

The new school was to be a four-year institution, at which cadets would be taught not only the basic military skills expected of their profession, but a university education including instruction in chemistry, economics, engineering, higher mathematics, history, philosophy, physics, and psychology. Special emphasis was placed on instilling in the cadets the need for leadership at all times, in all endeavours. Entry to the new academy was to by competitive examination – the academic requirements for admission included possession of an abitur. Upon graduation cadets would receive both their officers’ patent and a university diplom in science.

The first class of cadets entered in 1924, graduating four years later.


Sunday, December 15th 2013, 10:54pm

Theresianische Militärakademie Wiener Neustadt

Formerly the military academy of the Imperial and Royal Army of the Hapsburg Empire, this institution, founded in 1751, escaped the wrath of the victorious allies and continued to train officers for the Austrian Army in the period following the Great War. With the incorporation of the Austrian provinces into the expanded Reich, the Theresianische Militärakademie was retained as an element of the Heer’s training establishment, adapting its admission and academic requirements to follow those of the Militärakademie Groß-Lichterfelde.

The Theresianische Militärakademie hosts a special programme for foreign students, reserving a tenth of the slots in each incoming cadet class for students from friendly foreign nations. The first class of cadets under the revised training syllabus entered in 1931, graduating in 1935. The first foreign students entered the academy in 1933, and graduated in 1937.


Monday, December 16th 2013, 1:28am

Generalstabsakademie München

Founded in 1927 to carry on some of the functions of the defunct Preußische Kriegsakademie the role of the Generalstabsakademie is to train officers in the administrative, staff and policy aspects of their profession. The school is located on the grounds of the former Royal Bavarian Military Academy.

The one-year course of study teaches the officer not only the administrative policies and procedures of the Heer, but trains the officer how to think, not what to think. Attendees are selected on merit following an exhaustive examination of the officer’s service record and academic credentials. The goals of the Generalstabsakademie are that the staff officer:

* Know and be able to apply the functions and techniques of staff in war and peace
* Know and apply the principles and techniques involved in the employment of land forces in particular, and armed forces in general, in all types of military operations
* Analyse the function of command up to and including divisional level
* Know the structure, deployment, roles and interdependence of the German Armed Forces
* Understand how German defence policy is formulated and the relationship with military doctrine
* Analyse those issues in national and international affairs, which influence the defence policies of Germany and her allies


Monday, December 16th 2013, 2:12pm

Kriegsakademie Dresden

The needs of the expanding Heer required the re-establishment of a war college for training of its future senior leadership, leading to the founding of the Kriegsakademie at Dresden in 1932. It provides graduate level instruction to senior military officers to prepare them for senior leadership assignments and responsibilities. Each year, a number of Heer colonels and lieutenant colonels are considered by the Board of Admissions. The formal missions of the Kriegsakademie are: to prepare selected military leaders for the responsibilities of strategic leadership; educate current and future leaders on the development and employment of landpower in a joint environment; and conduct research and publish on national security and military strategy. The course of study lasts one year.


Monday, December 16th 2013, 8:33pm

Offizierschule des Heeres Hannover

The need to continue the training of the Heer’s cadre of non-commissioned officers for advancement to the ranks of platoon and company officers, together with the creation of a body of reserve officers with sufficient training to take up duties in the event of mobilisation brought about the creation of a specialist school for these purposes in 1926. Unlike the Militärakademie the focus of the Offizierschule is a mix of practical and classroom instruction.

Entry to the Offizierschule for serving soldiers requires at least three years prior service with possession of an abitur, or at least six years prior service and completion of a Begabtenprüfung examination. The course of instruction provided for an initial two semesters (six months) of classroom training on military and civil subjects, including history, chemistry, physics, general sciences and engineering; there followed two semesters of training at a specialist branch school (q.v.), after which the candidate is returned to his regiment for six months service as a junior platoon leader. Following a special examination, a successful candidate will return to the Offizierschule for a final semester of classroom instruction concentrating on leadership.


Tuesday, December 17th 2013, 5:09am

Unteroffizierschule des Heeres Delitzsch

This specialist school was organised in 1934 to provide training for those soldiers selected for promotion to the rank of Feldwebel, Oberfeldwebel and Stabsfebwebel – who are required to serve as junior platoon leaders and senior NCO at company, battalion and regimental level. The course of instruction lasts six months, and focuses upon leadership and the role of the senior non-commissioned officer in training and preparing troops for combat. Practical and theoretical studies are incorporated in the training syllabus, as well as special courses in military policy and military law.


Tuesday, December 17th 2013, 9:19pm

Branch of Service Schools

Artillerieschule (Artillery School), Jüteborg - is the central training and further education institution of the artillery troops of the Heer. Under its aegis is the subordinate Heeresflugabwehrschule (Army Antiaircraft Artillery School) at Wustrow.

Aufklärungstruppenschule (Reconnaissance Troops School), Hannover – successor to the Cavalry School, it is the centre for training of reconnaissance troops – including those assigned to armoured and mountain infantry formations. Under its aegis is the subordinate Tarnen und Täuschenschule (Camouflage School) in Storkow.

Fernmeldeschule (Signals School), Wiesbaden-Biebrich – is the central training establishment for all Heer signal troops as well as training all officers in the basic tasks of military signals and procedure.

Infanterieschule (Infantry School), Hammelburg – is the central training and further institution of the infantry troops of the Heer. Under its aegis is the subordinate Gebirgs und Winterkampfschule (Mountain and Winter Warfare School) at Glasenbach.

Fallschirmtruppenschule (Airborne School), Altenstadt – provides training to all officers and other ranks assigned to parachute formations and to basic airborne training to all infantry officers.

Nachschubtruppenschule (Supply Troops School), Garlstedt – is the central training and further education institution of the supply troops of the Heer. Trains all officers and selected non-commissioned officers in the basic aspects of supply and logistics procedures.

Panzertruppenschule (Armoured Troops School), Munster-Lager – is the central training establishment for Heer personnel serving in tank and armoured infantry units. Specialist courses are offered for tank commanders, tank gunners and tank drivers, as well as advanced course for armoured officer leaders. Under its aegis is the subordinate Taktikzentrum der Panzergrenadiere (Tactical Centre for Armoured Infantry) at Munster-Nord.

Pionierschule (Engineer School), Ingolstadt – is the centre for the professional military education of the pioneer and engineer troops of the Heer as well as training all officers in the basic tasks of military engineering.


Thursday, December 19th 2013, 1:19am

Military Training Areas

Wehrkreis I: Arys, Stablack
Wehrkreis II: Altwarp (AA Gunnery Range), Gross-Born, Hammerstein, Rerik (AA Gunnery Range)
Wehrkreis III: Berlin-Tegel, Döberitz, Jüterbog, Kummersdorf (Gunnery Range), Kurmark-Lieberose, Rehagen-Klausdorf-Sperenberg (Railway Engineers), Wandern, Zossen
Wehrkreis IV: Freiberg, Königsbrück, Königstein, Oberschöna, Radeberg
Wehrkreis V: Münsingen
Wehrkreis VI: Elsenborn an der Eifel, Sennelager,
Wehrkreis VII: Mittenwald- Luttensee (Mountain Warfare)
Wehrkreis VIII: Blechhammer, Neuhammer
Wehrkreis IX: Ohrdruf, Schwarzenborn, Wildflecken
Wehrkreis X: Munster-Lager, Munster-Nord, Putlos (Tank Gunnery Range)
Wehrkreis XI: Altengrabow, Dessau-Rosslau (Pioneer Training Area), Hillersleben (Gunnery Range)
Wehrkreis XII: Baumholder
Wehrkreis XIII: Grafenwöhr, Hammelburg, Hohenfels, Sulzbach (bei Amberg)
Wehrkreis XVII: Döllersheim bei Zwett, Bruck an der Leitha
Wehrkreis XVIII: Navis (Mountain Warfare)


Saturday, December 21st 2013, 10:55pm

Militärtechnische Universität Lüneburg

The materiel shortages that impacted the operations of the Imperial Army in the Great War, and the sluggishness with which German industry responded to these needs necessitated constant intervention the Königlichen Fabrikationsbüro für Artillerie (Royal Artillery Manufacturing Office) of the Prussian War Ministry. As such interventions were on an ad hoc basis, these interventions often found their effects nullified by other decisions by the same office, as the officers in charge were unfamiliar with industrial conditions, the linkages between raw materials and final manufactured products and the basics of commercial practice and contract law.

To rectify this oversight in the professional education of staff officers of the Heer the Militärtechnische Universität was founded in 1923, with the mission of training officers in the supervision of procurement of all military supplies and the assurance of adequate provision for the mobilisation of material, and the industrial organisations essential to wartime needs. Initially seen as a specialised five-month course of instruction, by 1926 the course had been expanded to cover a full academic year. Moreover, while under the aegis of the Heer, the institution evolved to include officers of the Kriegsmarine and the Luftwaffe, and selected civilian officials of the Defence Ministry, in a common course of instruction. From 1934 personnel from some of the nation’s preeminent industrial firms were also allowed to study at the school, obtaining thereby insight into the problems of military procurement and mobilisation.

Entry to the Militärtechnische Universität is by selection by service with the approval of the Board of Admissions. It graduates approximately one hundred students per annum.