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Sunday, January 29th 2012, 8:23pm

Chinese Railways

... to be filled ...


Tuesday, January 31st 2012, 4:07pm

The network of the chinese railroad

The railroad network in the Empire of China


Tuesday, January 31st 2012, 4:25pm

The South Manchuria Railway [SMR]

The South Manchuria Railway (SMR) was founded in 1906 in Dalian. The first president was Goto Shimpei.

By the end of 1907, the company employed nearly 13.000 people. By 1910, those numbers had increased to 35,000 and 25,000 respectively.The railway used a significant amount of US-made rails and signaling equipment, as well as some steam locomotives built by the American Locomotive Company at Dunkirk, NY. A visiting executive from the Erie Railroad was quite impressed with the arrangement, and described South Manchurian Railway ca. 1913 as "the only railroad in the whole world that is like our American railroads (and they are, fairly speaking, the best)".

The SMR quickly expanded the system inherited from Russia to staggering proportions, building coal mines at Fushun and Yantai, and harbor facilities at Andong, Yingkou, and Dalian. At each station, the SMR built hotels for travelers and warehouses for goods.

From 1916, the SMR began to spin off a number of subsidiary companies, including Showa Steel Works, Dalian Ceramics, Dalian Oil & Fat, South Manchurian Glass, as well as flour mills, sugar mills, electrical power plants, shale oil plants and chemical plants.

Over 75% of SMR's income was generated by its freight business, with the key to profitability coming from soybean exports, to other asian countries and to Europe. Soybean production increased exponentially with increasing demand for soy oil, and for soy meal for use in fertilizer and animal feed. By 1927, half of the world's supply of soybean was from Manchuria.

By 1938, the SMR had 72 subsidiary companies, development projects in 25 urban areas and carried 27,515,000 passengers per year.

The "Asia Express " is the famous train of the SMR.

The SMR is at present one of the biggest company in the Empire of China, it's actual president of the SMR is Duan Junyi.

The headquarter of the South Manchurian Railroad in Dalian


Monday, February 13th 2012, 1:23pm

The Asia Express

The famous Asia Express ....

thanks to Roo for the awesome drawing

... featured with air conditioning, on-board refrigerators, and an unusual glass observation deck resembling a salon complete with leather chairs and bookshelves.

This post has been edited 2 times, last edit by "parador" (Feb 14th 2012, 5:45pm)


Monday, July 15th 2013, 4:40pm

Diesel Locomotive DL500

A small diesel locomotive DL500 seen from the side. This was the most numerous chinese diesel locomotive. They were used for shunting purposes on all fronts, both by the chinese army and the chinese railroad. For work in fuel and ammunition dumps, diesel locomotives were preferred to steam locomotives that produced sparks, as they were safer. They were also used to shunt rail road artillery to their firing positions since they do not produce huge clouds of smoke and steam. They would thus be less conspicuous from the air.


Monday, July 15th 2013, 4:43pm

Steam Locomotive DB1 - Class

Data of DB1-Class:
Wheel arrengment: 2 - 6 - 4
Loco. Weight: 90,5 tons


Monday, July 15th 2013, 4:46pm

Jiafeng - Class

The Jiafeng class is used wide as a locomotive for a standard freight in China.

Data of Jiafeng class:
Wheel arrengment: 2 - 8 - 2
Loco. Weight: 94,1 tons
Tender weight: 29 tons


Monday, July 15th 2013, 4:50pm

Mika - Class

The Jiafeng class locomotive is not able to use for low construction rail track. Therefore a more smaller locomotive became necessary than the Jiafeng class. The result is the Mika Class, which is used also for freight trains.

Data of Mika class:
Wheel arrengment: 2 - 8 - 2
max. axle weight: 15,3 tons


Tuesday, April 5th 2016, 4:47pm

Southern China Railway Company

Southern China Railway Company [SCRC]


The South China Railway Company [SCRC] was founded in 1917 in Canton. The first president was Fu Yuning.

The SCRC quickly expanded their route network in the southern part of the chinese empire, but is still the smallest Railroad Company in the chinese empire. By 1940, the CCRC carried 17,155,000 passengers per year.

The current president of the SCRC is Leong Kok Hong.


Tuesday, April 5th 2016, 4:49pm

Central China Railway Company

Central China Railway Company [CCRC]


The Central China Railway Company [CCRC] was founded in 1911 in Wuhan. The first president was Xu Jingcheng.

The CCRC quickly expanded their route network in the central part of the chinese empire also the CCRC building harbor facilities at Shanghai and Quingdao. At each station the CCRC built, like the SMR, hotels for travelers and warehouses for goods.

By 1940, the CCRC carried 20,155,000 passengers per year.

The current president of the CCRC is Cheng Tianfan.


Tuesday, April 12th 2016, 3:19pm

Shanghai Express
The Shanghai Express is an express train operated by the Central China Railway Company (CCRC) and has a top speed of 120 km/h. It ran from Nanjing to Shanghai and consists of:

  • a streamlined tank locomotive with a 2-4-2T configuration

  • a trailer car with a compartment for sorting post and packages during the journey as well as a dining area with 23 seats.

  • two centre cars with 12 seats in 2nd and 56 seats in 3rd class.

  • a trailer car with 24 seats in 2nd and 32 seats in 3rd class, as well as four rotating seats in the panorama section at the end;

Externally the coaches resembled the express multiple units of those years. In order the achieve the desired speed, they were of light construction and were five to ten tonnes lighter than normal passenger coaches.
The locomotives used to haul the trains are streamlined disguised tank locomotives and are constructed by the Shenyang Locomotive and Rolling Stock Co. Ltd. . The machine with the wheel arrangement 2-4-2T had a two-cylinder steam engine and were used in push-pull service.

Data of the Senfeng:
Wheel arrangement: 2-4-2T
Locomotive weight in working order: 69,00 tons
Max Axle Weight: 18,40 tons
Diameter of driving wheel: 1980 mm
Cylinder Diamensions: 400 mm x 660 mm
Boiler pressure: 16,00 kg/cm²
Grate area: 1,40 m²
Heating surface: 75,36 m²
Superheater Area: 26,00 m²
Length o.a.: 12,380 m

The Shanghai-Express in short configuration (only one centre car)

Side view of the Senfeng-Locomotive


Tuesday, April 12th 2016, 3:28pm

Rail Zeppelin (Schienenzeppelin)

The rail zeppelin was an experimental railcar which resembled a zeppelin airship in appearance.It was designed and developed by the German aircraft engineer Franz Kruckenberg. Propulsion was by means of a propeller located at the rear. During the test-phase it accelerated the railcar to 230 km/h setting the land speed record for petrol powered rail vehicle.

Rail Zeppelin

Two protoypes built at Hannover-Leinhausen (Germany) in 1929

Car body construction: aluminum
Car length: 25.85 m (84 ft 9 3/4 in)
Car Height: 2.8 m (9 ft 2 1/4 in)
Weight 20.3 t (20.0 long tons; 22.4 short tons)

Prime mover: BMW VI
Engine type: Water-cooled V12 petrol aircraft engine with 600 hp
Transmission: compressed air (driving a propeller)

Maximum speed: 230 km/h (140 mph)

Capacity: 40 passengers

After an intensive testphase in 1931, China decided to build 20 of these vehicles as fast connection on the railroad between Beijing and Nanjing.
All of them are still in use as Express Railcars.

Rail Zeppelin Prototype during testphase

Side view of the serial Rail Zeppelin