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Thursday, March 31st 2011, 9:31pm

Canadian Aerospace Industry

Hood and I cooked up a pretty thorough analysis of the Canadian Aircraft-related industry, and I figured I'd post it here for comments and questions before it goes into the encyclopedia;

[SIZE=3]Aircraft Manufacturers[/SIZE]

Avro Canada Aircraft Ltd.
This firm began as Ottawa Car Limited building street cars etc. and was then setup as the sole Canadian manufacturing and selling agent for Sir W.G. Whitworth Aircraft Ltd., A.V. Roe & Co. Ltd., and Armstrong Siddeley Motors Ltd. A factory was built on Slater Street in Ottawa covering 250,000sq ft. When Hawker Siddeley was formed in 1935 as the controlling body of Armstrong Whitworth, Avro, Hawker and Gloster the Ottawa Car & Aircraft Ltd. was reformed as Avro Canada. A second factory was built at Malton, Toronto in Ontario with a joint holding in the firm by the National Steel Car Corporation Ltd. Avro Canada has licences to build most Hawker Siddeley types of aircraft and engine and currently has plans to produce the new York airliner in Canada. Avro Canada has its own design and research team and has been studying tailless aircraft under contract from CADRE. It has developed the XCF-9 Ascender and CF-12 Pit Viper fighters and is working on other projects.

Boeing Aircraft of Canada, Ltd.
Boeing Canada has its works in Vancouver on West George Street and was formed in 1929 by the Boeing Aircraft Company of Seattle, USA. It undertakes sub-contract work for its parent firm and for other Canadian firms at the behest of the Canadian Department for National Defence.

Burnelli Aircraft Ltd.
Vincent Justus Burnelli had developed his “lifting body” configuration in the 1920s and failing to secure orders or investment in America he moved to Canada when CC&F agreed to licence-produce one of his earlier designs. Setting up a factory in St. Lawrence, Quebec. Burnelli has developed the CF-38 Skipray twin-engined fighter, CB-14 medium bomber, CB-16 Broad Skate heavy bomber, CA-26 Manta attack bomber and the CY-3 Loadmaster transport. In 1939 CC&F brought a controlling stake in Burnelli Aircraft Ltd. and produces all of the types except for the CB-14 and CB-16 wings which are built by Fairchild Aircraft Ltd.

Canadian Car & Foundry Co. Ltd.
Also known as CanCar, CC&F has works at Fort William, Ontario; Point St. Charles (Montreal); Turcot (Montreal) and St. Lawrence, Quebec. CC&F is the largest builder of railway equipment in Canada and entered the aircraft industry in 1930, at first undertaking licence-production but now building its own types. The company also has large contracts to undertake overhaul and repair work for the RCAF. American design Charles Zimmerman was hired in the early 30s, and CC&F has subsequently developed an interest in low-aspect ratio winged aircraft and specialises in naval aircraft with technical help from Grumman in America and Gloster in Britain.

Canadian Vickers Ltd.
Formed as a subsidiary of Vickers in 1911 as a general engineering and shipbuilding firm and in 1922 an aircraft division was formed (the first in Canada) and its works at Cartierville, Montreal have recently been expanded. Not only an experienced firm with the industrial might of the Vickers empire behind it Canadian Vickers has developed winter landing equipment, ski landing gear and various forms of seaplane floats. It is currently engaged in producing Sea Otter amphibians and Spitfire fighters.

de Havilland Aircraft of Canada Ltd.
Formed in 1928 and has its works at Toronto, Ontario. It had $500,000 authorised capital of which $30,000 was issued and four-fifths is held by Canadian investors. The firm is part of the British AIRCO group. The firm has built large numbers of all de Havilland types over the years including the Tiger Moth and Dragon Rapide. Its DHC.95 Flamingo licence-production line is proving profitable and the firm has secured the services of Captain G.T.R. Hill as its chief designer. A series of tailless aircraft types have been produced since the mid-1930s including the CF-5 Archeopteryx scout fighter, CF-8 Rhamphorhynchus and CFS-8b Ornithopterus fighters, CB-6 Pterosaur carrier-based bomber, PB-7 Cearadactyl flying boat and the new much larger CPB-15 Ornithocheirus flying boat. The new DHC-1 Chipmunk has been selected by both the RCAF and the RAF to replace the Tiger Moth and a large production run seems certain. The Fairey Firefly carrier-based fighter is also produced under licence from fellow AIRCO firm Fairey. de Havilland aircraft engines of various types are also built under licence.

Fairchild Aircraft Ltd.
Formed in 1929 from the earlier businesses of the St. Maurice Association formed in 1919 which evolved into the Fairchild Aerial Surveys of Canada Ltd in 1922. The factory at Longeuil was finished in September 1930 and covers 38,000sq feet with an extension now underway to extend the total floor area to 600,000sq feet at a cost of $2,000,000. Major contracts have included Handley Page Hampden bombers for the RAF and 300 Bristol Bolingbroke bombers based on the Blenheim for the RCAF in the early 1930s. Since then it has undertaken sub-contract work for Burnelli building the CB-14 bomber.

Fleet Aircraft Ltd.
Formed in 1930 at Fort Erie, Ontario. It has taken over the world rights from the Consolidated Aircraft Corporation (USA) for the Fleet Trainer. It is now developing the Model 50K twin-engined freighter and the Model 60 two-seat advanced training monoplane. The current line-up includes the Finch basic trainer and the Fort advanced trainer.

Macdonald Bros. Aircraft Ltd.
Formed in 1930 to service and overhaul aircraft. It acquired the rights to licence-produce Edo floats in Canada and formed an airframe repair depot at Robinson Street, Winnipeg. In 1940 the firm won a contract to repair aircraft involved in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan with a new workshop erected at Stevenson Field just outside Winnipeg for this job. It also manufactures floats for the Noorduyn Norseman.

Noorduyn Aviation Ltd.
Nooduyn's main works are at Moreau Street, Montreal and the firm has been building the Noorduyn Norseman in several forms since 1935. The current type is now in full production for the RCAF and civil operators. It undertakes major overhauls and repairs of all Norseman aircraft in RCAF use and produces ski equipment for the Norseman and other types in RCAF service.

Orenda Aircraft Engines Ltd.
Formed in 1935 as a Canadian Government funded company to undertake research into high-powered piston engines and production of aero engines for the Canadian market. It was works in Montreal and Winnipeg. In 1937 Rolls-Royce brought a 20% stake in the firm and provided knowledge and plans of several types so that Orenda can develop them further. The main types to appear so far are Liscenced copies of the RR Merlin V-12, as well as the Orenda Ursa based on the Merlin for use in tanks, the Oneida V-12 (based on the RR Griffon), the Onondaga X-24 engine (based on the RR Vulture) and the Seneca 18 cylinder radial (based on the Bristol Centaurus). Bristol have provided some support (in return for the 15 % share) and Orenda builds Bristol Mercury, Pegasus and Hercules radials under licence for use in Canadian aircraft.

ShinRa Aviation Ltd.
This is a division of the ShinRa armaments firm formed in 1933 to undertake research and development into rotary-winged flight, or helicopters after the hiring of Henry Berliner. It has a works at Montreal and its research work is funded by the Canadian Department for National Defence through CADRE. The CG-70 Horse Fly autogyro is the first successful product of the firm and is in production for the RCAF and the RCNAS, with other types under development.


Austin Airways formed in 1934 operates charter services in Northeast Ontario with two DHC.89 Dragon Rapide airliners and one Douglas DC-3.

Air Transport & Training Co. operates a charter service from Island Airport Toronto and from North Bay.

Aviation Service Corporation operates a charter service from Barker Field, Toronto.

Canadian Colonial Airways is a partly American owned company that operates a thrice-daily service from New York to Montreal via Albany and Burlington with three DHC.86 Dragon Four with three DHC.95 Flamingo on order.

Canadian Pacific Airlines Ltd., is Canada’s largest airline (having recently brought Canadian Airlines and Yukon Southern Air Transport) operating from regional headquarters at Rimouksi, Winnipeg, Regina, Edmonton (both Edmontons in Alberta and Mckenzie Districts) Whithorse and Vancouver. There are regular and charter services with bases at Senneterre and Roberval in Quebec serving the Ontario and Quebec mining areas. It operates a fleet of ten DHC.89 Dragon Rapide, eleven DHC.95 Flamingo (with six more on order), two Lockheed Model 18-10 Lodestar (inherited from YSAT), six Douglas DC-3, two Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. (Canada) 71C (from Canadian), one Junkers Ju-52 (from Canadian), one Lockheed Vega (from Canadian), one Lockheed Model 10 Electra (from Canadian), and four Stearman 4 for training.

Fliers Limited operates a charter service from Barker Field, Toronto serving Western Ontario.

Thomas Lamb Airways Ltd., founded by Tom Lamb in 1934 to transport fish from The Pas, Ontario to the railhead at Cormorant, Manitoba, from where it could reach the market in Chicago. It also moves fur, trappers and fishermen, as well as fish. It operates a mixed fleet of Beech 18, Noorduyn Norseman and Stinson SR-8 aircraft.

Leavens Bros. Air Services operates charter services from Ottawa to Ontario and Quebec.

Maritime Central Airways Ltd. is based at Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island and operates a twice-daily route from Charlottetown to New Glasgow, and thrice-daily to Moncton and a winter service to Magdelen Island. At first it operated a Boeing 247 and a Fairchild 24 but now has also added a DH.89 Dragon Rapide.

Red Wing Flying Service is based in Whitby, Ontario and operates a charter service and summer service from Port Carling.

Savant Airways operates from Savant Lake Ontario and operates three local routes and undertakes charter work.

Trans-Canada Airlines is the main ‘flag carrier’ and is responsible for the direct routes between the big cities, a trans-continental service, routes to Washington D.C. and trans-Atlantic flying boat routes. The company’s main bases are at Winnipeg, Montreal, Toronto and Lethbridge. Operates a fleet of five Lockheed Model 10A Electra airliners, fourteen Lockheed 14H2 Super Electra, twelve Lockheed Model 18-10 Lodestar airliners (with three more on order), ten DHC.95 Flamingo and three Boeing-Stearman Model 75 as trainers. Its flying boat fleet comprises six de Havilland Canada Cearadactyl flying boats with five de Havilland CPB-15 on order. Trans-Canada also has nine Avro Type 685 York on order for delivery from mid-1942 to be built by Avro Canada.

Quebec Airways Ltd. is based at Quebec Airport and has twice-daily services to Ottawa and with four Beech 18 aircraft.

Plus these Foreign airlines operate routes;
American Airlines operates daily New York-Buffalo-Toronto and twice daily Chicago-Detroit- Windsor.

Northeast Airlines operates a twice-daily service from Bangor (Maine) to Moncton.

Northwest Airlines operates a daily Chicago-Winnipeg service.

United Airlines operates a daily Seattle-Vancouver service.

Western Air Lines operates a daily Salt Lake City-Lethbridge service.

Le Dirigeable française Tranportation Entreprise operates a weekly Paris-Cleito-Montreal airship route.